The heart of Egypt for more than 1000 years, Cairo demonstrates the dichotomy of all things Egyptian. It's in Cairo where the medieval world and the contemporary western world come together in a confusion of earthen houses and towering modern office buildings, of flashy cars and donkey-drawn carts. Nobody really knows how many people live in Cairo, but estimates put it at about 16 million, and the city's many squatter camps and slums alone accommodate around 5 million people. Housing shortages are terrible and the traffic is appalling, but the government has begun a campaign to ease these pressures, opening an underground metro system and constructing satellite suburbs.

An ancient tell of 1001 Nights, "He who have not seen Cairo, have not seen the world"
Islamic Cairo (which is no more Islamic than the rest of the city) is the old medieval quarter, and stepping into its neighborhoods is like moving back six or seven centuries. This is the most densely populated area of Egypt, and probably the whole Middle East. Districts like Darb al-Ahmar are full of tiny alleyways, mud-brick houses, food hawkers, and goats, camels and donkeys. The streets are lined with mosques and temples, and the air is filled with the pungent smells of turmeric and cumin, animals and squalor. Some of Islamic Cairo's highlights include the Mosque of Ibn Tulun, dating from the 9th century and the city's oldest intact and fully functioning Islamic monument; the 15th-century Mosque of Qaitbey, considered the jewel of Mamluk architecture; Al-Azhar Mosque, the keystone of Islam in Egypt; and the Citadel, an awesome medieval fortress that was the seat of Egyptian power for 700 years. The Citadel has three major mosques and several museums.

Coptic Cairo was originally built as a Roman fortress town. Pre-dating the founding of Islamic Cairo by several hundred years, it was home to one of the world's first Christian communities and is also a holy place for Jews and Muslims. The sole remaining section of the Fortress of Babylon includes two towers, which were built in AD 98 and originally overlooked an important port on the Nile before the river changed course. The Coptic Museum at the foot of the towers explores Egypt's Christian era from the years 300 to 1000. The stunning collection includes religious and secular art, stonework, manuscripts, woodwork, glass and ceramics. Cairo has various precincts with cheap tourist accommodation and places to eat, but central Cairo is popular with budget travellers, particularly Midan Orabi and Midan Talaat Harb.

The Egyptian Museum was built in 1897 and finished in 1901, in the neo-classical style by the French architect Marcel Dourgnon and it is home to the most extensive collection of pharaonic antiquities in the world. It has 136,000 items on display, with many more hundreds of thousands in its basement storerooms.
The Facade of the Egyptian Museum which was built and decorated in Greco Roman style
Statue of God Anubis, god of mummification for the ancient Egyptians and it resembles the jackal animal
The mask of king Tut made of pure solid gold about 11 KG of gold, decorated with precious and semi precious stones
The golden coffin of king Tut made of pure solid gold about 110 Kg of gold decorated with precious and semi precious stones
Palette ok king Narmer who unified upper and lower Egypt together and started the first dynasty
The statue of the seated scribe dates back to the old kingdom and considered one of the most important titles in the kingdom
Islamic Cairo is a very old area, surrounded by walls dating from the middle-ages, and was once the cultural, religious and intellectual center of the entire Arab world. Monumental buildings, palaces, many famous mosques and religious schools, numerous markets and the oldest university in the world (Al-Azhar) still stand witness to a glorious past.
To the left side the mosque and school of Elsultan Hassan and to the right side appears the mosque of Elrefaey
The mosque of Mohamed Ali pasha found in the citadel of Saladin and it is a copy of the blue mosque in Istanbul
Al Azhar mosque which was built by the time of the Fatamids, it is one of the most important mosques in Egypt
The unique rococo decoration found inside the mosque of Mohamed Ali pasha
Ibrahim pasha the son of Mohamed Ali pasha in front of the military museum in the citadel
Ibn Tolon mosque, one of the oldest and unique mosques of Egypt
Old (Coptic) Cairo (Masr al-Qadima), The oldest part of Cairo, and predates what is now modern Cairo. It is believed that there was a settlement here as early as the 6th century BC. Later, the Romans built a fortress here which we know today as "Babylon", some of these roman walls still exist today, The area consists of the Coptic museum and also contains gardens and courtyards and the area is surrounded by old Coptic churches.
St George church which was built on the top of the roman fortress and it is Greek orthodox church
the hanging church which was dedicated to virgin Mary, one of the oldest churches in the area
Coptic cemetery which was built within the walls of the fortress
Remains of an old Greco-Roman fortress considered one of the most important fortresses in Egypt
One of the alters inside the hanging church
One of the items found inside the Coptic museum
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