The mighty Macedonian Alexander the Great came to Egypt in 331 BC after conquering Greece and selected a small fishing village on the Mediterranean coast to establish his new capital, Alexandria. The city is oriented around Midan Ramla and Midan Saad Zaghoul, the large square that runs down to the waterfront. Alexandria once had a great library that contained more than 500,000 volumes, and at its peak the city was a great repository of science, philosophy and intellectual thought and learning.

The Greco-Roman Museum contains relics that date back to the 3rd century BC. There's a magnificent black granite sculpture of Apis, the sacred bull worshipped by Egyptians, as well as an assortment of mummies, sarcophagi, pottery, jewellery and ancient tapestries. Another highlight is one of the few historical depictions of the Pharaohs of Alexandria, one of the Seven Wonders of the World. The only Roman Amphitheatre in Egypt was rediscovered in 1964. Its 13 white marble terraces are in excellent condition and excavation work is still under way, although the dig has shifted a little to the north of the theatre.

Pompey's Pillar is a massive 25m (82ft) pink granite monument measuring 9m (30ft) around its girth. The pillar should rightfully called Diocletian's Pillar, as it was built for the emperor in AD 297, and was the only monument left standing following the violent arrival of the Crusaders around 1000 years later. The Catacombs of Kom ash-Shuqqafa are the largest known Roman burial site in Egypt, and consist of three tiers of burial tombs, chambers and hallways. The catacombs were begun in the 2nd century AD and were later expanded to hold more than 300 corpses. There's a banquet hall where the grieving would pay their respects with a funeral feast. Experts are hoping to discover Cleopatra's Palace under the seabed off Alexandria; columns were found in 1998, and recently archaeologists raised a beautiful statue of Isis from the depths. The Crusaders destroyed Cleopatra's Library.

Alexandria is the bride and the pearl of the Mediterranean sea, It was built by Alexander the great after ascending the throne of Egypt to act as his new capital and to connect Greece and Egypt, Alexandria was the main capital for Egypt during the time of the Greeks and Romans.
The citadel of Qaitbey which was built on the ruins of the light house.
The citadel of Qaitbey was built by one of the Mamlukes around 1477.
pompey's pillar and one of the Sphinx.
One of the Sphinxes beside Pompey's pillar brought by Cleopatra the seventh decorating the area.
The entrance of the main burial chamber in the catacomb tombs.
Mummification scene inside the catacomb.
The Roman Theatre which was discovered around 1900 while cleaning the area from the French buildings.
13 steps, and some columns, the only remain of the Roman Theatre.
The palace of King Farouk in Almontazah gardens.
The tomb of the unknown navy soldier.
Zoom view of the new Alexandria Library.
Outside view of the new Alexandria Library.
The Mediterranean sea, boats, and the new Alexandria Library.
Alexandria Library at night.
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